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雅思听力8分必备了哪些高频词汇?

雅思听力8分必备了哪些高频词汇?

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  • 发布时间:2020-08-20 10:39
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【概要描述】

雅思听力8分必备了哪些高频词汇?

【概要描述】

  • 分类:最新资讯
  • 作者:
  • 来源:
  • 发布时间:2020-08-20 10:39
  • 访问量:
详情

01

 

Repair (section 1)

这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。

 

比如说 family doctor 这个概念在中国是很少见的,但在西方,注册一个家庭医生是非常普遍的,我们需要了解他们的注册流程以及收费要求,在国外某些地区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现没人看病的状况。

doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner

 

treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,

 

diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee

 

medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks

 

surgery: operation

 

hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice

 

02

 

 Job hunting (section 1/2)

在国外,边上学边打工是很多学生的生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。这也是雅思听力找工作的重要场景,以下这些单词考鸭们要注意哦!

Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job

 

Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint

 

Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation

 

Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas

 

Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage

 

Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform

 

Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab

 

Magazine reporters:housing magazine,entertainment magazine,sport magazine,economy magazine,IT magazine

 

03

 

 Library (section 1/4)

图书馆也是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,大家需要把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。

registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk registration fee, membership fee

 

ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password

 

Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic

 

Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues

 

Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops

 

Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM

 

Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian

 

Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve

 

Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)

 

Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing

 

04

 

Social events(Section 2)

雅思听力 section 2 中经常会考到一些社会事件,比如会议、展览、节日等。通过网站、单页、通知版、广告的形式来展示活动主旨、日程安排、主题等详细信息。这些社会事件的词较为基础,需要考鸭们熟练掌握。

Events: Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition

 

Examples: Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show

 

Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens

 

Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems

 

Agenda: dates, timetable

 

Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits

 

Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band

 

Catering: café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue

 

Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost

 

05

 

Environment (section 2/4)

环境类的单词大家会感到比较专业和难于掌握,并不需要学生们全部记下来,但至少要对这类单词的发音和中文意思保持敏感,做到听到单词立马条件反射能知道意思,这样才会对听力的全文内容有个很好的把控。

atmosphere: Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide

 

pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste

 

Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation

 

energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas

 

recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components

 

06

 

Diet and health (section 4)

除此之外,饮食和健康也是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的话题。在 Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都与此有着密切的联系。

Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie

 

diet: cereals,sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat

 

cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice

 

health:low nutrition,malnutrition,overweight,obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis

 

Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming

 

07

 

Shopping

在雅思中还有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。今年的听力考试里,以下这些词也出现过很多次。

Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off

 

Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products

 

Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online shopping

 

Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt

 

Supermarket: entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

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